Lavandula angustifolia
Low-Lying, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Chemical Composition of Two Different Lavender Essential Oils and Their Effect on Facial Skin Microbiota (2019)

Chemical Concentration
Linalool 35.96%
Linalyl acetate 21.74%
Terpinen-4-ol 6.57%
Camphor 5.56%
β-Farnesene 4.02%
1,8-Cineole 3.98%
caryophyllene 2.87%
Borneol 2.71%
(E)-β-Ocimene 1.24%
α-Bisabolol 1.12%
Limonene 1.10%
(Z)-β-Ocimene 1.02%
Germacene D 0.77%
α-Pinene 0.51%
trans-Sabinene hydrate 0.39%
3-Octanone 0.36%
p-Cymen-8-ol 0.33%
sabinene 0.31%
p-cymene 0.29%
camphene 0.26%
γ-Cadinene 0.26%
octen-3-ol 0.22%
trans-pinocarveol 0.18%
β-Bourbonene 0.17%
β-Pinene 0.14%
α-Thujene 0.13%
Myrcene 0.12%
cis-linalool oxide 0.09%
α-cis-Bergamotene 0.07%
α-trans-Bergamotene 0.07%
α-Terpineol 0.06%
isobornyl formate 0.06%
Neryl acetate 0.06%
spathulenol 0.06%
lavendulol 0.05%
o-cymene 0.04%
m-cymen-8-ol 0.03%
β-Bisabolene 0.03%

 

Lavandula angustifolia
High-Lying, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Chemical Composition of Two Different Lavender Essential Oils and Their Effect on Facial Skin Microbiota (2019)

Chemical Concentration
Linalool 36.51%
Linalyl acetate 14.42%
Camphor 11.76%
1,8-Cineole 10.89%
Borneol 4.21%
caryophyllene 2.42%
Limonene 2.36%
Terpinen-4-ol 2.10%
Germacene D 1.50%
(Z)-β-Ocimene 1.32%
β-Farnesene 1.07%
α-Pinene 0.93%
α-Bisabolol 0.89%
sabinene 0.75%
3-Octanone 0.68%
camphene 0.59%
p-Cymen-8-ol 0.55%
(E)-β-Ocimene 0.42%
γ-Cadinene 0.39%
trans-Sabinene hydrate 0.34%
spathulenol 0.31%
β-Pinene 0.30%
octen-3-ol 0.20%
p-cymene 0.20%
α-Thujene 0.11%
isobornyl formate 0.10%
trans-pinocarveol 0.10%
m-cymen-8-ol 0.09%
o-cymene 0.09%
β-Bourbonene 0.09%
α-Terpineol 0.07%
cis-linalool oxide 0.07%
trans-linalool oxide 0.07%
α-cis-Bergamotene 0.06%
lavendulol 0.05%
α-trans-Bergamotene 0.05%

 

Lavandula angustifolia
Low Altitude, Tanaro, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemical Concentration
linalool 22.9
linalyl acetate 17.6
β-caryophyllene 13.9
borneol 6.7
camphor 3.6
germacrene D 3.3
(E)-β-ocimene 2.7
1,8-cineole 2.4
(Z)-β-ocimene 2.2
camphene 2.2
lavandulyl acetate 1.9
4-terpineol 1.8
(E)-β-farnesene 1.6
γ-terpinene 1.4
myrcene 1.3
geranyl acetate 1.3
caryophyllene oxide 0.9
limonene 0.9
neryl acetate 0.8
p-cymene 0.7
trans-α-bergamotene 0.6
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.6
isobornyl formate 0.5
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.4
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.4
allo-ocimene 0.3
hexyl butyrate 0.3
α-pinene 0.3
bornyl acetate 0.3
cryptone 0.3
(E)-2-nonenal 0.3
β-copaene 0.2
aromadendrene 0.2
α-humulene 0.2
β-pinene 0.2
α-terpineol 0.2
epi-β-santalene 0.2
(Z)-lanceol 0.2
δ-3-carene 0.1
3-octanone 0.1
tricyclene 0.1
o-cymene 0.1
decanal 0.1
cis-α-bergamotene 0.1
verbenone 0.1
(E)-geranyl acetone 0.1
bicyclogermacrene 0.1
α-cedrene 0.1
(E)-nerolidol acetate 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
Medium Altitude, Tanaro, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemical Concentration
linalyl acetate 25
linalool 15.4
4-terpineol 7.7
(E)-β-ocimene 7.5
(Z)-β-ocimene 6.4
β-caryophyllene 6.2
lavandulyl acetate 4.5
myrcene 4.2
borneol 2.4
geranyl acetate 2.1
1,8-cineole 2
(E)-β-farnesene 1.4
allo-ocimene 1.4
germacrene D 1.3
neryl acetate 1
hexyl butyrate 1
1-octen-3-yl-acetate 1
camphene 0.7
δ-3-carene 0.7
3-octanone 0.7
α-pinene 0.6
γ-terpinene 0.5
trans-α-bergamotene 0.4
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.4
tricyclene 0.4
camphor 0.3
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.3
3-octanol acetate 0.3
terpinolene 0.3
p-cymene 0.2
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.2
α-terpinene 0.2
hexyl isobutyrate 0.2
β-copaene 0.2
isobornyl formate 0.1
bornyl acetate 0.1
caryophyllene oxide 0.1
o-cymene 0.1
aromadendrene 0.1
sabinene 0.1
α-humulene 0.1
β-citronellene 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
High Altitude, Tanaro, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemical Concentration
1,8-cineole 22.4
linalyl acetate 10.5
β-caryophyllene 9.9
linalool 9.2
borneol 6.6
(E)-β-ocimene 5.7
(Z)-β-ocimene 5.1
4-terpineol 3.6
camphor 3.4
lavandulyl acetate 2.3
camphene 1.9
germacrene D 1.8
(E)-β-farnesene 1.7
p-cymene 1.3
lavandulol 1
myrcene 0.8
geranyl acetate 0.7
isobornyl formate 0.7
trans-α-bergamotene 0.7
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.6
bornyl acetate 0.5
caryophyllene oxide 0.5
allo-ocimene 0.5
β-pinene 0.5
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.4
neryl acetate 0.4
α-pinene 0.4
cryptone 0.3
o-cymene 0.3
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.3
decanal 0.3
δ-3-carene 0.3
(E)-2-nonenal 0.3
hexyl butyrate 0.2
aromadendrene 0.2
3-octanone 0.2
cis-α-bergamotene 0.2
sabinene 0.1
α-humulene 0.1
α-terpineol 0.1
verbenone 0.1
p-cymen-8-ol 0.1
carvone 0.1
trans-pinocarveol 0.1
6-camphenone 0.1
(E)-geranyl acetone 0.1
α-terpinene 0.1
γ-terpinene 0.1
cuminaldehyde 0.1
piperitenone 0.1
tetradecane 0.1
dodecanal 0.1
epi-β-santalene 0.1
bicyclogermacrene 0.1
β-sesquiphellandrene 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
Low Altitude, Stura Valley, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemcial Concentration
1,8-cineole 19.3
linalyl acetate 13.8
linalool 9.9
β-caryophyllene 8.8
(E)-β-farnesene 5
borneol 4.3
(Z)-β-ocimene 3.8
(E)-β-ocimene 3.4
lavandulyl acetate 2.8
camphor 2.4
cryptone 2.4
germacrene D 1.9
4-terpineol 1.8
p-cymene 1.4
geranyl acetate 1.3
(Z)-β-farnesene 1.3
(E)-2-nonenal 1.2
myrcene 0.9
neryl acetate 0.8
isobornyl formate 0.8
hexyl butyrate 0.7
allo-ocimene 0.5
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.5
verbenone 0.5
cuminaldehyde 0.5
bornyl acetate 0.4
limonene 0.4
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.4
trans-α-bergamotene 0.4
trans-pinocarveol 0.4
octanal 0.4
1-octen-3-yl-acetate 0.3
decanal 0.3
caryophyllene oxide 0.3
α-phellandrene 0.3
α-pinene 0.2
camphene 0.2
β-pinene 0.2
o-cymene 0.2
aromadendrene 0.2
1-octen-3-ol 0.2
6-camphenone 0.2
2,3-dehydro-1,8-cineole 0.2
nonanal 0.2
piperitenone 0.2
(E)-geranyl acetone 0.1
trans-γ-cadinene 0.1
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.1
1-hexanol 0.1
α-humulene 0.1
hexyl-2-methyl butyrate 0.1
δ-3-carene 0.1
carvone 0.1
β-copaene 0.1
δ-cadinene 0.1
1-heptanol 0.1
p-mentha-2,4(8)-diene 0.1
cis-carveol 0.1
tetradecane 0.1
cis-α-bergamotene 0.1
bicyclogermacrene 0.1
β-bisabolene 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
High Altitude, Stura Valley, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemcial Concentration
linalyl acetate 22.1
linalool 14.2
1,8-cineole 9.5
β-caryophyllene 9.1
(Z)-β-ocimene 6.4
4-terpineol 5.8
(E)-β-ocimene 5.6
borneol 2.7
1-octen-3-yl-acetate 2.1
myrcene 2
lavandulyl acetate 2
geranyl acetate 1.7
tricyclene 1.6
bornyl acetate 1.4
germacrene D 1.3
camphor 1.1
α-pinene 1.1
camphene 1
neryl acetate 1
allo-ocimene 0.9
decanal 0.7
hexyl butyrate 0.5
3-octanone 0.5
(E)-geranyl acetone 0.5
β-citronellene 0.5
p-cymene 0.4
limonene 0.4
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.3
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.2
trans-γ-cadinene 0.2
(E)-β-farnesene 0.2
isobornyl formate 0.2
sabinene 0.2
cryptone 0.2
β-pinene 0.2
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.2
hexyl tiglate 0.2
1-hexanol 0.2
γ-terpinene 0.2
cis-pinocamphone 0.2
caryophyllene oxide 0.1
trans-α-bergamotene 0.1
o-cymene 0.1
3-octanol acetate 0.1
N-hexyl acetate 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
Low Altitude, Susa Valley, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemical Concentration
1,8-cineole 21.1
linalyl acetate 20.2
linalool 12.3
β-caryophyllene 11.7
borneol 4.9
bornyl acetate 2.6
(Z)-β-ocimene 2.6
camphor 2.4
germacrene D 2.2
myrcene 2
(E)-β-ocimene 1.6
geranyl acetate 1.4
camphene 1.3
4-terpineol 1.1
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 1.1
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.9
lavandulyl acetate 0.7
neryl acetate 0.7
trans-γ-cadinene 0.6
(E)-β-farnesene 0.5
caryophyllene oxide 0.5
hexyl butyrate 0.4
isobornyl formate 0.4
sabinene 0.4
p-cymene 0.3
allo-ocimene 0.3
α-humulene 0.3
cryptone 0.3
1-octen-3-yl-acetate 0.2
β-pinene 0.2
α-terpineol 0.2
trans-α-bergamotene 0.2
o-cymene 0.1
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.1
decanal 0.1
verbenone 0.1
α-pinene 0.1
p-cymen-8-ol 0.1
τ-cadinol 0.1
hexyl-2-methyl butyrate 0.1
aromadendrene 0.1
δ-3-carene 0.1
limonene 0.1
carvone 0.1
hexyl tiglate 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
Medium Altitude, Susa Valley, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemical Concentration
1,8-cineole 28.3
linalyl acetate 22
linalool 7.3
borneol 4.6
bornyl acetate 4.2
(E)-β-ocimene 3.7
camphor 3
lavandulyl acetate 2.8
1-octen-3-yl-acetate 2.7
β-caryophyllene 2.3
(Z)-β-ocimene 2.2
camphene 1.9
myrcene 1.7
(E)-β-farnesene 1.6
geranyl acetate 1.2
p-cymene 1
4-terpineol 0.9
hexyl butyrate 0.9
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.6
neryl acetate 0.6
trans-γ-cadinene 0.6
lavandulol 0.6
isobornyl formate 0.5
β-pinene 0.4
allo-ocimene 0.4
3-octanol acetate 0.4
germacrene D 0.3
3-octanone 0.3
N-hexyl acetate 0.3
o-cymene 0.3
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.3
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.2
decanal 0.2
verbenone 0.2
α-pinene 0.2
p-cymen-8-ol 0.2
camphenilone 0.2
hexyl isobutyrate 0.2
τ-cadinol 0.2
caryophyllene oxide 0.1
trans-pinocarveol 0.1
pinocarvone 0.1
α-terpineol 0.1
tricyclene 0.1
hexyl-3-methylbutanoate 0.1

 

Lavandula angustifolia
High Altitude, Susa Valley, Piemonte
Latitude and Altitude Influence Secondary Metabolite Production in Peripheral Alpine Populations of the Mediterranean Species Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (2018)

Chemical Concentration
linalyl acetate 22.7
1,8-cineole 20.9
β-caryophyllene 7.8
linalool 5.8
borneol 4.9
bornyl acetate 4.7
lavandulyl acetate 3.5
camphor 3.4
(E)-β-ocimene 2.5
myrcene 2.3
(Z)-β-ocimene 2
caryophyllene oxide 1.9
geranyl acetate 1.6
4-terpineol 1.4
cis-linalool oxide (furanoid) 1.1
camphene 1
(E)-β-farnesene 1
germacrene D 1
neryl acetate 0.9
trans-linalool oxide (furanoid) 0.8
1-octen-3-yl-acetate 0.8
p-cymene 0.5
isobornyl formate 0.5
β-pinene 0.4
trans-pinocarveol 0.4
decanal 0.4
allo-ocimene 0.3
pinocarvone 0.3
hexyl butyrate 0.3
verbenone 0.3
α-pinene 0.2
sabinene 0.2
3-octanone 0.2
N-hexyl acetate 0.2
o-cymene 0.2
cis-sabinene hydrate 0.2
α-humulene 0.2
1-octen-3-ol 0.1
6-camphenone 0.1
p-cymen-8-ol 0.1
α-terpineol 0.1
(E)-2-dodecene 0.1
hexyl-2-methyl butyrate 0.1
β-copaene 0.1
trans-α-bergamotene 0.1
aromadendrene 0.1
(E)-geranyl acetone 0.1
δ-cadinene 0.1
trans-γ-cadinene 0.1